They can be processed in a variety of ways, including popped, ground into flour, flaked and others. At any rate, the wide leaves shade the ground so that few weeds stand a chance in all that shade once the plant gets going. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Because it is highly digestible, it is also good for people recovering from an illness or breaking a fast. Black is strong, mysterious, powerful and unique in meaning. Wetzel et al. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Whoever found it became immortal. Grow sultry amaranth flowers for rich, long-lasting bouquets in fall Photo by Jeffery Cross; written by Johanna Silver – September 11, 2012 | Updated October 24, 2018 1 of 6. How’s that for conveying meaning through the language of flowers? It is also associated with immortality and is used to decorate images of gods and goddesses as well as in Pagan funeral ceremonies. In Karnataka in India, it is called harive soppu (ಹರಿವೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು) . The genus is native to Mexico and Central America. During the carnival festival women dancers often use the red amaranth flower as rouge, painting their cheeks, then dancing while carrying bundles of amaranth on their backs as they would a baby. Genus name comes from the Greek word amarantos meaning unfading in reference to the long-lasting flowers of some species. In Ecuador, the flowers are boiled then the colored boiling water is added to “aquardeinte” rum to create a drink that “purifies the blood,” and is also reputed to help regulate the menstrual cycle. The round-shaped flower inflorescences are a visually dominant feature and cultivars have been propagated to exhibit shades of magenta, purple, red, orange, white, pink, and lilac. Wild species have longer bracteole's compared to cultivated species. Pick off the leaves and use as needed. [4] Although the family (Amaranthaceae) is distinctive, the genus has few distinguishing characters among the 75 species present across six continents. The Amaranthus Flower (Amaranth) is an annual plant, which means, it is a plant that has a specific life cycle: when falls ends, the plant dies and it has the seeds that will have it, and the plant will sprout again. If the leaves start to fall off, that’s an indication that it’s about ready. Do not eat Amaranth that has been grown in manure and chemically fertilized areas as it stores the nitrates these fertilizers contain in its leaves. These compounds are reduced in content and antinutrient effect by cooking.[28][29]. Leave an offering to the plant and then fold it, roots and all, in a piece of white cloth. Two species are popular as edible vegetable in Vietnam: dền đỏ (Amaranthus tricolor) and dền cơm or dền trắng (Amaranthus viridis). [family AMARANTHACEAE] on JSTOR", "Amaranthus muricatus (Moquin-Tandon) Hieronymus [family AMARANTHACEAE] on JSTOR", "Amaranth leaves, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt, per 100 g", "Cereal-based gluten-free food: how to reconcile nutritional and technological properties of wheat proteins with safety for celiac disease patients", "Gluten-free diet in children: an approach to a nutritionally adequate and balanced diet", "Recent advances in the formulation of gluten-free cereal-based products", "Legacy: The Official Newsletter of Amaranth Institute", "Traditional food-processing and preparation practices to enhance the bioavailability of micronutrients in plant-based diets", "Singh Anurudh K (2017) Early History of Crop Introductions into India: II. Amaranthus is a broad genus of about 60 species of short-lived herbs that breed mostly in the temperate and tropical regions. In Africa and the Caribbean, amaranth is a common potherb and the leaves are picked off as needed. [12][18] There is evidence of phylogenetic and geographical support for clear groupings that indicate separate domestication events in South America and Central America. Trimming the stems clears the way for better water absorption resulting in longer lasting flowers. Amaranths are recorded as food plants for some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species including the nutmeg moth and various case-bearer moths of the genus Coleophora: C. amaranthella, C. enchorda (feeds exclusively on Amaranthus), C. immortalis (feeds exclusively on Amaranthus), C. lineapulvella, and C. versurella (recorded on A. spinosus). The flowers are mainly used for ornamental purposes and add a surprise element to the garden. Over 1,000 flower pictures and meanings including the Amaranth Flower at flowerinfo.org. It will proceed naturally from the fact of living the Truth. They fasted or ate very little; a statue of the god was made out of amaranth seeds and honey, and at the end of the month, it was cut into small pieces so everybody could eat a piece of the god. In Orissa, it is called khada saga, it is used to prepare saga bhaja, in which the leaf is fried with chili and onions. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. You can then cover the seed heads with a brown paper bag and shake the seeds loose. [10] The top (operculum) of the unilocular pixdio releases the urn that contains the seed. [13] Although this classification was widely accepted, further infrageneric classification was (and still is) needed to differentiate this widely diverse group. Detoxifying & Purifying Properties: Gomphrena globosa is truly a detoxifying herb and helps get rid … [Assad, R., Reshi, Z. Black is a rare color to see in flowers. Tagged: Fear and Insecurity. Another Indian annual, A. hypochondriacus (prince's feather), has deeply veined, lance-shaped leaves, purple on the under face, and deep crimson flowers densely packed on erect spikes. Also a synthetic dye was named "amaranth" for its similarity in color to the natural amaranth pigments known as betalains. "Amaranth." [15], Amaranthus includes three recognised subgenera and 75 species, although species numbers are questionable due to hybridisation and species concepts. [1] Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. A bouquet of flowers can bring a hidden message from the giver to the receiver. Yields are high compared to the seeding rate: 1000 kg or more per hectare. [41], Amaranth species are cultivated and consumed as a leaf vegetable in many parts of the world. In Botswana, it is referred to as morug and cooked as a staple green vegetable. Learn more. Chapter 8: Ethnobotany. [25][26][27], Amaranth grain contains phytochemicals that are not defined as nutrients and may be antinutrient factors, such as polyphenols, saponins, tannins, and oxalates. Woven into a wreath, it is said to render the wearer invisible. [32][33] The earliest archeological evidence for amaranth in the Old World was found in an excavation in Narhan, India, dated to 1000-800 BCE[34][dubious – discuss]. Cf. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. [4], There are approximately 75 species in the genus, 10 of which are dioecious and native to North America with the remaining 65 monoecious species endemic to every continent from tropical lowlands to the Himalayas. (2017). [12] A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. People decorated their homes and trees with paper flags; ritual races, processions, dances, songs, prayers, and finally human sacrifices were held. The seed heads resemble really bushy corn tassels. [23] Cooked amaranth leaves are a rich source of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and manganese, with moderate levels of folate, iron, magnesium, and potassium. To use as dried flowers, strip leaves off stems and hang upside down to air dry. Amaranthus is a broad genus of about 60 species of short-lived herbs that breed mostly in the temperate and tropical regions. The amaranth flower holds its bloom for quite a while so it has become the symbol for immortality. [53][54], Seabeach amaranth (A. pumilus), an amaranth on the Federal Threatened species List, Red-root amaranth (A. retroflexus)—from Thomé, Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Southern Kerala-style traditional Thoran made with Cheera (amaranth) leaves, "Amaranthus", "Amarantus", and "Doodo" redirect here. Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Mar 25, 2018 - Amaranth Flower pictures and meanings at flowerinfo.org. The amaranth flower holds its bloom for quite a while so it has become the symbol for immortality. n. 1. a. A song by the Finnish band Nightwish, which relates to the flower which never fades. Amaranth was a staple in the diets of pre-Columbian Aztecs, who believed it had supernatural powers and incorporated it into their religious ceremonies. Asian Agri-History 21(4): 319-324", "Scientific Evidence for Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Voyages", "Crossing Methods and Cultivation Conditions for Rapid Production of Segregating Populations in Three Grain Amaranth Species", "USDA National Nutrient Database: cooked amaranth grain per 100 grams; Full report", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOwOZxHmwCU, "Squalene Market Size to Exceed USD 240 Million by 2022", FDA/CFSAN Food Compliance Program: Domestic Food Safety Program. 26 December ) was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli the Tagalog word for the garden )! - Infidelity uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through language! Ornamental purposes and add a surprise element to the long-lasting flowers of amaranth... Green amaranth ( a. viridis ) is a flower that did not fade and christened it amaranth step and... 5 ] members of the Amaranthaceae that is either annual or short-lived plants... For their showy flower clusters or foliage when it starts to bloom at end... 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